Trenbolone (TBOH), a synthetic androgen used as an anabolic agent in livestock, has been tested for mutagenicity in the Salmonella assay, for covalent DNA-binding in vitro, for induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in HeLa cells and Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) fibroblasts and for morphological transformation of SHE cells. While TBOH gave negative results in the assays for mutagenicity and DNA damage, it was clearly capable of transforming SHE cells in culture. The natural androgen testosterone did not transform these cells. Thus, TBOH appears to be a substance which can transform cells independent of its hormonal action and without grossly damaging DNA.
Some bodybuilders and athletes use trenbolone for its muscle-building and otherwise performance-enhancing effects. [ citation needed ] Such use is illegal in the United States and many other countries. The DEA classifies trenbolone as a Schedule III controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act .  Trenbolone is classified as a Schedule 4 drug in Canada  and a class C drug with no penalty for personal use or possession in the United Kingdom .  Use or possession of steroids without a prescription is a crime in Australia .  The infamous "duchess" cocktail administered to Russian athletes at the Sochi Winter Olympics consisted of oxandrolone , metenolone , and trenbolone.